Wednesday, April 29, 2009

SWINE INFLUENZA


SWINE INFLUENZA What to know?

What is Swine influenza (swine flu)?
A highly contagious acute respirator)7 disease of pigs caused by type A (HlN1) influenza viruses regularly occurring in pigs.


Can people get it?
In the past, people normally do not get swine flu, but human infections has happen. This new strain of virus detected in Mexico can spread between people. Currently the number of suspected swine flu cases in Mexico has risen to 1614 cases.

Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork?
No. You cannot get swine influenza from eating properly handled and cooked pork or pork products.

How does it spread?
It spreads from person-to-person (like a normal flu) through touching something with flu virus on it (from droplets from a cough or sneeze) and then touching your mouth or nose.


How long can viruses live outside the body?
Some viruses and bacteria can live 2 hours or longer on common surfaces like cafeteria tables, doorknobs and desks.


How long can someone with the flu infect someone else?
Infected people can infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 7 or more days after becoming sick.
Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for longer periods.



What are the signs & symptoms of swine flu in people?
Its similar to symptoms of regular human flu & includes:
~ fever ~ cough & sore throat
~ bodv aches ~ headache
~ chills ~ fatigue



Some people have reported diarrhea & vomiting associated with swine flu.
Severe illness (pneumonia & respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported.
In Mexico, 22 out of 103 suspected deaths have been confirmed as swine flu, while the rest are being tested with special labor at on7 tests.


What can I do to protect myself from getting sick?
+Cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze & throw away the tissue in the dustbin after you use it.
+Wash your hands often with soap and water, especially after your cough or sneeze. +Alcohol-based hand cleaners are also effective.
+Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Germs spread this way.

+Try to avoid close contact with sick people.
+If you get sick with influenza, it is recommended to stay home from work and limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.


What should I do if I get sick?

If you live in areas where swine flu cases have been identified and become ill with flu-like symptoms, contact your doctor. The doctor will determine if flu-testing or treatment is needed.

If you become ill and experience any of the following, seek emergency medical care:

Children:
•Fast breathing or trouble breathing
•Bluish skin colour
•not drinking enough fluids
•not Waking up or not interacting
•being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
•flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
•fever with a rash


Adult:
•Difficulty breathing orshortness of breath
•Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
•sudden dizziness
•confusion
•severe or persistent vomiting.


Some stat:

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